TOPIC: Psychology
Ishika Dubey
Introduction:
Psychology is the study of mind and behavior. It encompasses the biological influences, social pressures, and environmental factors that affect how people think, act, and feel. Gaining a richer and deeper understanding of psychology can help people achieve insights into their own actions as well as a better understanding of other people.

OBJECTIVES:
1. Understand how health affects your lifestyle

2. Recognize how the delivery of health care influences definitions of health

3. Speculate on strategies for encouraging health behavior change

Robotic Psychology
Duradoni, M. et al (2021) proposes current technological advancements have allowed robots to be successfully employed in the healthcare sector. However, the recently acquired ability of social robots to process social information and act according to it has potentially made them very well suited to support or conduct psychological interventions. The present paper carried out a systematic review of the available literature regarding social-robot-based interventions in psychological domains using preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines.

Positive Psychology Program
Cabezas – Heredia et al (2021) determines the relationship between coping strategies and stress in the workers of the Food Company “ARSAICO” of the Canton Chambo – Ecuador. The study population is 20 workers that is the entire company, sociodemographic variables are considered for the study, this research is quantitative approach, descriptive type with non-experimental correlational and cross-sectional design. The tests applied were the COPE questionnaire for coping and WHO – ILO for stress. For the information processing, the statistical program SPSS version 24 and the Spearman correlation coefficient were used, finding a significant inverse relationship between stress and coping. Regarding the analysis between before and after the program, positive psychology decreases stress levels from medium to low with high coping.

Mindfulness-based positive psychology interventions

Allen, J. G., Romate et al (2021) attempts to present a narrative/descriptive synthesis of the major MBIs with positive potentials. It intends to identify standardized or empirically validated MPIs. MBIs that produce positive functioning shall be recognized and their efcacy as an MPI will be verifed. Further, the MBIs that improve hedonic well-being and/or other positive variables will also be reported. Finally, the study stands to recount the intention of MBIs in eudaimonic enhancement.

Emerging Issues in Occupational Health Psychology
León-Pérez et al (2021) aims to: (1) a better understanding of new issues and challenges for Occupational Health Psychology in the post-COVID era; and (2) implementing measures to develop more sustainable and healthy organizations. All these factors have contributed to the emergence of new psychosocial risks for employees’ health and well-being, which are challenging the existing theoretical models and evidence-based practices in Occupational Health Psychology. Moreover, several studies have shown that workers’ health and well-being can be at higher risk when organizations face relevant changes and economic turbulence.

Effects of the Pandemic on the Human Psychology and Behavior

Susanu, N. (2021) says the appearance of the pandemic determined a change in the human behavior of the lifestyle and the reality in which we live. Almost all people were focused on professional activity on professional, social, family success. With the appearance of the pandemic, we all had to adapt to the newly created situation, the new rules / laws to survive the COVID -19 virus. The findings provides gathering and using knowledge and expertise: Behavioral health factors in disasters and other extreme events in behavioral sciences. Monitoring the psychological consequences – the psychological impact varies greatly depending on the nature of the event, the stage of the event, geography and other factors.

Clinical Psychology

Roccella, M., & Vetri, L. (2021). takes into account both the physical and psychological distress of the individual and the family context, as well as the relational and social dimension, promoting an affective summary between a precision medicine approach and a global care scheme for the patient. Patients with eating disorders show a significantly greater intensity and the most frequent cases of MP, and moreover MP is associated with disinhibited eating behavioural aspects and a depressive symptomatology, especially with suicidal tendencies, general and somatic anxiety, and insomnia.

Escalating progression of mental health disorders during the COVID-19 pandemic

Wong, L. P (2021) et al. In this study, people with a fair, poor or very poor health status were more likely to report negative mental health impacts compared with those with a very good or good health status. In addition, health status was the strongest predictor for depressive and anxiety symptoms in the multivariable regression findings. These findings are in line with a recent study reporting that individuals with more medical comorbidities were more likely to report elevated depressive symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic . A study found that reduced access to routine medical care during the pandemic resulted in greater mental health among people with medical comorbidities.

Occupational Health Psychology
The way work is organised in organisations has also changed. Workers no longer need to be in one place, but can work from home, and in other organisations’ location. Especially in light of Covid-19, remote working is likely to change the landscape of working permanently. Leading these workers, building social relations with colleagues and gaining access to health and safety management policies may prove challenging. Ironically, another strategy for organisations to gain competitive advantage is that workers are organised in teams, requiring the ability to develop social relations and engage in collective decision making.

Sport Psychology
Dean, F., et al (2022). demonstrated that the provision of sport psychology is continually evolving, yet there are a number of factors that appear to inhibit the full integration of the discipline into academy soccer. Six key themes were identified: The breadth of sport psychology provision; what is sport psychology; the stigma surrounding sport psychology services; psychological literacy; the elite youth soccer environment; and the delivery of sport psychology under the Elite Player Performance Plan leading to considerable variation in the nature of the sport psychology provision.

Affective Saturation Index
Gennaro, A et al (2021) studies the preliminary findings and is providing an initial validation of the ASI, with a specific focus on its validity as a measure of affective intensity. More particularly, it intends to test the two core assumptions underlying the ASI: (i) the ASI is able to detect the affective saturation of a text, and (ii) the affective saturation of the text reflects the intensity of the affective state characterizing the meaning-maker involved in producing the text.

CONCLUSION:
With the above given articles we can conclude that psychology plays an important role in each aspect of life. In every given situation your mind decides whether it is achievable or not. Hence, it is important to keep our mental health on track in this dynamic world. With everything going around us it is very easy for us to develop negative thinking, whatever the situation is, positive thinking is the best way to come out of it. A focused and flexible mind is the best tool a man can have in the whole world.

Allen, J. G., Romate, J., & Rajkumar, E. (2021). Mindfulness-based positive psychology interventions: A systematic review. BMC Psychology, 9, 1-18. doi:https://doi.org/10.1186/s40359-021-00618-2
Cabezas – Heredia, E., Solys, G. A. P., Tapia, M., & Cárdenas, C. V. G. (2021). Positive psychology program: Stress and CoatingPrograma de psicología positiva: Estrés Y recubrimiento. Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics Education, 12(3), 4504-4512. Retrieved from https://www.proquest.com/scholarly-journals/positive-psychology-program-stress/docview/2625344142/se-2
Dean, F., Kavanagh, E., Wilding, A., & Rees, T. (2022). An examination of the experiences of practitioners delivering sport psychology services within english premier league soccer academies. Sports, 10(4), 60. doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/sports10040060
Duradoni, M., Colombini, G., Russo, P. A., & Guazzini, A. (2021). Robotic psychology: A PRISMA systematic review on social-robot-based interventions in psychological domains. J, 4(4), 664. doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/j4040048
Gennaro, A., Carola, V., Ottaviani, C., Pesca, C., Palmieri, A., & Salvatore, S. (2021). Affective saturation index: A lexical measure of affect. Entropy, 23(11), 1421. doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/e23111421
Iavicoli, S., Leka, S., & Nielsen, K. (2020). Promoting occupational health psychology through professional bodies: The role of the european academy of occupational health psychology. Work & Stress, Retrieved from https://www.proquest.com/scholarly-journals/promoting-occupational-health-psychology-through/docview/2409727752/se-2
León-Pérez, J.,M., Shoss, M. K., Ferreira, A. I., & Giorgi, G. (2021). Emerging issues in occupational health psychology. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(21), 11621. doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182111621
Roccella, M., & Vetri, L. (2021). Adventures of clinical psychology. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 10(21), 4848. doi:https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm10214848
Susanu, N. (2021). Effects of the pandemic on the human psychology and behavior. New Trends in Psychology, 3(1) Retrieved from https://www.proquest.com/scholarly-journals/effects-pandemic-on-human-psychology-behavior/docview/2586466204/se-2
Wong, L. P., Alias, H., AlyaaFuzi, A., Omar, I. S., Azmawaty, M. N., Maw, P. T., . . . Chung, I. (2021). Escalating progression of mental health disorders during the COVID-19 pandemic: Evidence from a nationwide survey. PLoS One, 16(3) doi:https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0248916