Youth mental health during covid 19
Topic Name: Youth mental health during covid 19
Submitted by: Shweta Jadhav MBA first year
INTRODUCTION
Mental disorders are the largest cause of years lived with disability . Up to 80% of mental disorders first occur before the age of 26 .Youth mental health problems cast a long shadow over adult health and psychosocial functioning. The magnitude of the effects of mental health problems in youth over the life course far surpasses the effects of early physical health problems. During recent periods of economic recession, young people have much higher rates of unemployment . The effects of periods of unemployment in youth have disproportionate and long-lasting effects on income and health beyond the period of economic recession as well as risks of concurrent and future insecure employment. Young people may be more affected by the negative psychosocial consequences of ‘lockdown’ and social distancing than adults. Young people may also find it more difficult to cope with the current crisis as their coping skills are not fully function to an adult as coping is a developmentally acquired skill
Objective : To study the effect of covid 19 on youth mental health and how they handle it .
Gender and mental health : Youth are a heterogeneous group, with different experiences and needs. After puberty, depression rates are higher in females than in males. Because girls typically reach puberty before boys do, they’re more likely to develop depression at an earlier age than boys are. There is evidence to suggest that this depression gender gap may continue throughout the lifespan.
Change in sleeping pattern : The COVID-19 outbreak, lockdown restrictions, and quarantine measures also influenced changes in sleep habits. The decrease in sleep quality was stronger for people who were younger; with a higher level of education, non-married, affected by any chronic medical disease. The increase of sleep problems reported by the studies ranged from 11% to 86% among studies.
Digital Technology : The use of digital technologies for mental health treatment among adolescents and children generates benefits and ethical issues. Growing evidence suggests that digital mental health can improve mental health conditions such as depression across various patient populations
Suggestion for practices : Few studies have considered the collective impact of biological, social and psychological risk and protective factors on youth mental health, meaning our ability to make recommendations about how to effectively intervene and impact on young people’s mental health during a pandemic is limited. First, this review highlights mental health should be considered as part of a holistic response to the COVID-19 outbreak. Second, while cultural context must be considered, there are indicators that adaptive coping styles can support young people’s capacity to navigate through an uncontrollable event such as a pandemic. . Psychological interventions incorporating cognitive behavioural therapy or problem-solving therapy may be valuable, and could be delivered online.
Good and bad effects on mental health : Survey items assessed what aspects of the COVID-19 pandemic were contributing to poor and good mental health outcomes. Girls reported a greater number of areas negatively affected by the COVID-19 pandemic than boys e.g : worrying about themselves and others close to them getting COVID-19. increased stress due to change in daily routines. , and the news coverage of the pandemic.postive effects were spending time with family,getting more sleep,less stress due to less work load.
Depression: One study in China conducted by Duan et identified an association between depression and COVID-19 related addiction in using social media, such as smartphone addiction and internet addiction . Guo et . identified an association between COVID-19 related stress and depression. However, the study conducted by Chen et . in China failed to establish a significant correlation between depression and COVID-19 related factors.
Lack of social contacts or less interactive with people : People who have experiences of social isolation, lack of company and covid related worries and anxiety were more likely to experience psychological distress compare to those who were interacting with people in online mode.
Stress :Some studies revealed that young people experienced more stress then the older people. Young people from urban areas and living with their families had higher levels of stress compared to those living in rural areas. Furthermore, young people reported COVID-19-related social stressors such as financial uncertainty, fear of infection, inadequate food supply, lack of information on COVID-19, and excessive exposure to COVID-19 news in social and mass media
Spending time with family:People were forced to spend time with family this was advantages as well as disadvantages. The benefit from their parents being more available, being more involved in health care routines, and supporting them to deal with COVID-19–related or other health concerns. .

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