Title – One way Anova test with 4 different types of Fast Food
Author name – Mahek Bharat Lakhyani MBA (Fin) 10005

Introduction – Fast food is a type of mass-produced food designed for commercial resale and with a strong priority placed on “speed of service” versus other relevant factors involved in culinary science. Fast food was created as a commercial strategy to accommodate the larger numbers of busy commuters, travelers and wage workers who often did not have the time to sit down at a public house or diner and wait for their meal. By making the speed of service the priority, this ensured that customers with strictly limited time (a commuter stopping to procure dinner to bring home to their family, for example, or an hourly laborer on a short lunch break) were not inconvenienced by waiting for their food to be cooked on-the-spot (as is expected from a traditional “sit down” restaurant). In 2018, the fast food industry was worth an estimated $570 billion globally.

Objective – To Compare four different types of fast food by using One Way Anova Test

Literature Review –
Food is an essential source of power. Food may be an illustration of kindness and friendly relationships throughout the globe. Fast food is popular because the food is reasonably priced, convenient, and tastes good. Majority number of people nowadays consume fast food because they do not have the required time to cook for themselves, or because they do not have any hassle at all. The common existing notion of average people is that fast food restaurants make their life easy and uncomplicated. The popularity of this type of restaurant is growing because of speedy service. Unfortunately, the reason fast food tastes so good is often that it’s loaded with fat, sodium, and sugar. Fast food restaurants spend a great deal of money marketing their meals to consumers. Some people do not have time to cook at home because they have to do many things at the same time. Fast food tastes good and consuming it one time in a while is fine, but eating fast food too often may result in health difficulties such as obesity or diabetes. The restaurants use very cheap ingredients that make fast food contain high amounts of sodium, cholesterol, fat, and calories, which can cause certain diseases like obesity, high blood pressure, and other heart diseases. We should take utmost care of what we eat everyday because it is the fuel that drives us to become healthy. Homemade food is a better option than fast food because it has numerous advantages over fast food. These include higher organic process worth, good quality, mental satisfaction, etc. Better food enhances the lifetime with a better quality of life. Awareness of fast food facts is lacking significantly in every corner of the world. Eliminating the attraction of fast food is one way to avoid it. Consciousness regarding healthy feeding may save fast food lovers from the harmful effects of fast food. (Major Md Serazul Islam ,2020)

Food is known to play an important role in both the development and prevention of many diseases. The habit of taking food also varies from society to society. Globalization and urbanization have greatly affected ones eating habits and forced many people to consume fancy and high calorie fast foods, popularly known as ‘Junk food’. Fast food is an important item of the food as it is readymade in nature and easy to eat. Food eaten outside the home is now becoming a significant and regular component of life. These rapid changes in the levels and composition of dietary and activity/inactivity patterns in transitional societies are related to a number of socioeconomic and demographic changes. Numerous studies have concluded that the poor nutritional value, the excessive salt content and the degree of saturated fats and trans fatty acid associated with fast food products likely perpetuate the prevalence of hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, type II diabetes mellitus, obesity and cardiovascular disease in Westernized societies. The present review describes the association between the consumption of such foods and health outcomes.The rapid growth of the FF industry has become a public health concern considering its negative health consequences including obesity related risks. Children, parents and the general public should be advocated about the associated ill health effects of junk foods in various forms. Ensuring the availability of a variety of healthy food menus at markets or restaurants will give better options for the general public, thereby promoting a healthy lifestyle. (Mohammad Monir Hussain , Md. Z Islam , 2020)

Data Collection –
Data was collected by sending a Google form link for giving ratings (from 1-10, 10 being the highest and 1 being the lowest) to four different fast foods.
Survey of 35 people was conducted through this Google Form
Calculated the F value from the ANOVA table
Compared the calculated value with the tabulated value of F table

Data Analysis :
A- Pizza
B- Pav Bhaji
C- Vada Pav
D- Frankie

H0 : A=B=C=D
H1 : Any one of them is different

Calculated value in the excel sheet from ANOVA Table,

Anova: Single Factor

SUMMARY

Groups
Count
Sum
Average
Variance

Column 1
35
312
8.91428571
1.84537815

Column 2
35
315
9
1.11764706

Column 3
35
307
8.77142857
1.18151261

Column 4
35
291
8.31428571
1.63361345

ANOVA

Source of Variation
SS
df
MS
F
P-value
F crit
Between Groups
9.792857143
3
3.26428571
2.25974404
0.08430805
2.671178
Within Groups
196.4571429
136
1.44453782

Total
206.25
139

Conclusion – Accept H0 and Reject H1 , which means all 4 are the same.

Reference –

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/346220090_Fast_Food_Consumption_and_its_Impact_on_Health ((Mohammad Monir Hussain , Md. Z Islam , 2020)

https://globaljournals.org/GJMR_Volume20/5-The-Impact-of-Fast-Food-on-Our-Life.pdf (Major Md Serazul Islam ,2020)