Effect of Poverty Across the World
Poonam R. Patil
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1. Definition of Poverty

Poverty over the years has been defined with a favour towards monetary form, however, with time scholars are shifting the definition of poverty to multifaceted issues like political participation and social rejection showing that poverty is a multifaceted event. This shows that poverty is a combination of factors. As a result, the United Nations (UN) defined poverty in two phase which are absolute poverty and overall poverty. Absolute poverty is determined as a state where people are denied basic human needs like food, clothing, shelter, and health. Overall poverty is defined as a state where people don’t have access to income and other effective resources. (Mhlanga, D.)

2. Research Adoption

In 2015, the World Bank place the poverty line to be USD 1.90 per person per day, rather than USD 1.25 per person per day. The present research adopted three poverty measures based on the poverty line set as USD 1.90 per person per day. First, the poverty census specifies the percentage of the population living below the national poverty line. Second, the poverty difference denotes the percentage by which the poor’s average income level dropped below the poverty line. Finally, the poverty gap squared ratio represents the extent of inequality among the poorer aspect of the population. (Norashidah)

3. Comparison between people living in urban areas and rural areas

Jayathilaka claims that people living in rural areas, who are earning low income have a greater drift to be the fatality of health payment cause poverty rather than people who are earning a high income, living in urban areas, since they are closer to the poverty line. (Jayathilaka)

4. Situation due to Poverty

Poverty affects children immensely. One out of five toddlers lives in utmost poverty and secure social protection for infants and other exposed groups is critical. Improvement in compressing working poverty has diminished over the past 5 years and struggle need to be restored (United Nations, 2019). The situation remains especially dangerous in sub-Saharan Africa, where the share of working poor has hit 38% in 2018. In the lowest developed and landlocked developing countries, in spite of having a job most people still live in a poverty line. People who are employed and who are in the age group between 15 to 24 years of age are more assuring to be living in poverty, with a working poverty percentage is double than that of mature workers. The world is already tackling to obtain the target for poverty relief set under the globally accepted program of the Sustainable Development Goals. (Kumar, M., & Kumar, P. (2020)).

5. Reduction of Poverty

It was announced that poverty reduction could be positively overwhelming by a rise in the values of agricultural exports, foreign direct investment, foreign development relief, and compensation received from migrant workers. The position of agriculture could be developed by deeper integration of developing economies to global food supply chains as either suppliers or consumers of food and agricultural products. (Sustainability, Basel)

6. Equality between poor and rich people

According to data from 2018, nearly 3.4 billion people around the globe live in poverty while around 736 million people live in extreme poverty, with less than $1.90 per day.
Persons living in poverty are prohibited in this world and their knowledge has been affected by the adversary—one must not forget to acknowledge this. In fact, to achieve a comprehensive understanding of human poverty, such individuals must be given the liberty to express their perception of their own survival. (de França V. H., Modena, C. M., & Ulisses Eugenio, C. C. (2020)).

7. Poverty is a responsibility of everyone, not just the Government responsiblity

The statistics quoted show that the war against poverty is not the responsibility of the government alone. This point of view was already put forward at the important Carnegie 3 conference on poverty in South Africa which took place in 2013. In his opening address, the then Minister of Finance, Mr Trevor Manuel, referred to the challenges of poverty in society when he said: ‘Whilst government should never be allowed to devolve its responsibility, the active citizenry can never outsource their responsibility to address poverty to government. The church is one of the instruments through which active citizenry can respond to the war against poverty.

8. Relationship between Poverty and transmittable disease

While poverty is often treated to be operator of disease, the nature of the relationship between poverty and transmittable diseases does not recommend one-way causality, but relatively a more complex relationship based on positive feedback. (Sahasranaman A., & Jensen, H. J. (2020))

9. What to do

If humanity is serious about erasing poverty, then that completely involves the elimination of extreme energy poverty. It is the case of social success that the follower of low-income families was parading (before 2020) into the ranks of the middle class, changing their lifestyle, energy consumption, etc. This social improvement includes more education, interests, travel, and more energy consumption of the kind not directly connected to personal use, but important nonetheless. (Grigoryev, L. M., & Medzhidova, D. D. (2020)).

10. Reducing Poverty in Pandemic time

Finding ways to reduce poverty in normal times is difficult, but the difficulty has increased due to society’s response to the COVID-19 situation. It has often been seen, individuals and communities become more attentive to preserving people closer to themselves in response to panic over the COVID-19 situation. (Scott, A. H. (2021)).

Conclusion:

• The United Nations (UN) defined poverty in two phase which are absolute poverty and overall poverty. Absolute poverty is determined as a state where people are denied basic human needs like food, clothing, shelter, and health and Overall poverty is defined as a state where people don’t have access to income and other effective resources.
• There is poverty not only due to income but also due to many other factors.
• People living in rural areas, who are earning low income have a greater drift to be the fatality of health payment cause poverty rather than people who are earning a high income, living in urban areas.
• Improvement in compressing working poverty has diminished over the past 5 years and struggle need to be restored.
• In the lowest developed and landlocked developing countries, in spite of having a job most people still live in a poverty line.
• According to data from 2018, nearly 3.4 billion people around the globe live in poverty while around 736 million people live in extreme poverty, with less than $1.90 per day.
• Persons living in poverty are prohibited in this world and their knowledge has been affected by the opponent.

References:

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