Uses Of Information Technology in Several Sectors

Prerna Uttam Chavan

Digital learning
Information Technology Media and Communication can improve the quality of education.
Social distance learning creates its own challenges in the world of education which is the new normal. The teachers started making their own videos for learning and student support. They share these videos on social media like youtube,udemy,etc and also through voice notes. This is possible because of information technology with the help of computers and the internet which provides an assignment and modulus. To teach the students, teachers should stay updated with software skills using information technology.[Januar, Rahmi, A., Andryadi, Hadini, & Yudelnilastia. (2021)]
Self Regulated Learning
In covid-19 pandemic various fields quickly reduced its impact which also includes their education. Indonesia has issued multiple policies regarding education and all schools are ready to try distance learning by using information technology. Self regulated learning (SRL) develops strategies in learning. It helps to accept the learning environment students and teachers are able to adopt, like Moodle, Edmodo, Google classroom, Zoom, Google meet. Students who have high skills in SRL will tend to be more successful in achieving learning goals.[ Sulisworo, D., Maryani, I., & Kusumaningtyas, D. A. (2021)]

The Effective learning
Teachers face various kinds of difficulties in managing learning activities to develop learner engagement.There are many platforms available for teaching and learning approaches and this is possible with help of technology. In recent years, teachers have been using various technologies and they are becoming user friendly with it for engage learners [Delialioglu, Ö.(2012),Koenig, K.(2010),Tømte, C.E.; Fossland, T.; Aamodt, P.O.; Degn, L.].The world is becoming digital,so more people are using mobile technology which increases the access to more interactive resources. Mobile phones play an important role in gamification that is the application of typical elements of game playing or learning activities. However, mobile phones may be utilised for learning activities in order to increase interest and student involvement in other activities.
[ Liu, Y. (2021)]
English cultural communication and teaching
The advantages of information technology(IT) to expand English teaching content so people can access large amount of data information through Internet tools anytime and anywhere as per their need.At present time, on the Internet, there are lots of contents to introduce English culture, which can be displayed and used for teaching. The beneficial contents that conform to the socialist core values, and absorb the high quality teaching resources on the Internet. English cultural content on the Internet should be integrated into English teaching. Therefore, teachers can collect data about English cultural contents related to teaching on the Internet through daily internet browsing, professional classification collection, curriculum association matching and so on, and apply them in classroom teaching which helps English cultural communication. At the same time, teachers can also use new media to provide relevant English cultural content to students, and guide students to use their after-school time for self learning [ Zhang Lei.(2019),Li Wei.(2018)].

Digital Healthcare
Digital health covers eHealth, mHealth and emerging fields.. Mobile health (mHealth) is considered as the supply of health services and information through mobile technology. Mobile devices are an important tool of digital medical care.Through mobile devices we can access various information anytime and anywhere and this is one of the advantages of eHealth.The portability of mobile devices makes it possible to provide medical care services anytime and anywhere.We can identify and collect users’ health data.With the help of the applications of mobile devices containing sensors.Users can monitor their health and keep updated about their health through medical applications in mobile devices.In COVID-19, a large number of mobile applications give the latest news of the pandemic and COVID-19 cases the latest government measures to ensure that residents can grasp the development of the pandemic in real time.
[ Su, M., & Zhang, M. (2021)]

Medication Management Service
In old age homes (OAHs) there is a quick change in workflow of medication management with the use of technology. As previous tasks of OAHs staff have to read instruction one by one and take out medication backs one by one and dispense this into container during medication preparation as the drastic change in their work with the help of implementation of electronic medication administration records (eMARs), nursing staff uses electronic devices that shows patients medication information with their photographs which helps them to identify correct medication. This shows, the Information Technology(IT) and Automation Technology(AT) assisted work flow is more efficient than traditional paper based work. The data used on time highlights the effect of health information technology on quality and efficiency on health care.
[Kei, H. S., Ting, C. W., Chui, P. L., Teddy Tai-Ning Lam, Sau, C. C., & Cheung, Y. T. (2021)]

Food Sharing
Food is a basic human right but still many people suffer from food insecurity.The world’s second-largest food waster country is Indonesia that disposes almost 300kg of food per person each year [Food_Waste_Infographic.pdf.].The food which is still good quality and fit for human consumption and many people throw it away which causes food waste but the country is still not responding to this issue.In response to this issue, a grassroots initiative called “Gifood” was established in 2017. The main focus of these initiatives are reduction of hunger and supply chain food waste through food sharing and creative campaign mediated ICT (Information and Communication Technology) in Yogyakarta. In this research, ICT refers to diverse forms of technology, from digital devices to software packages, that make it possible for many people to connect globally through social media apps and websites. Such as the “Food sharing” movement in Germany and “Love Food Hate Waste” campaign in the UK by WRAP etc., are initiatives that have been carried out among countries in the world and that have provided success in their smart efforts to reduce hunger and eliminate waste.[ Wastutiningsih, S. P., & Aulia, D. (2021)]
IT In Organization
IT reliability and IT performance are part of each other but connected mainly to the normal functioning of the organization. The growing digitalization of the world and the rising dependence of organizations on IT support, there is a need of IT reliability in shaping IT performance in critical conditions
Critical conditions occur when three assumptions are met:
1) Situation threatens high priority organization goals
2) The situation presents restrictions concerning the amount of time for decisions
3) The situation is unexpected or unanticipated by the organization
One of the specific types of a crisis situation is a lockdown, and this leads to forcing organizations to change their way of work to facilitate business with less number of employees able to leave their place of residence (e.g. during the epidemic crisis) IT performance becomes one of the important factors influencing the performance of an organization.[ Tworek, K. (2021)]

5G enabled e-healthcare system
5G (Fifth-generation) wireless communication facilities and it can help to improve the smart healthcare system’s strong communication infrastructure. A health information system (IS) allows a practitioner to use and share electronic information about a patient with various information systems.With this information system we get various benefits, like keeping information of patients, huge data handling, forecasting of disease, and easy treatment. However, the challenges include the absence of interoperability, and requirements for experts, digital devices, and a very large amount of investment. Factors which directly affect people’s acceptance of health technology like reported several factors, such as self efficacy, subjectivity, beliefs, facilities, and adoption behavior in every sector including health Information technology (IT) it creates its own space due to quick development of IT. The health-related information are easily available to people worldwide through Social media and the internet. Electronic health (e-health) and mobile health (mhealth) use the latest communications technology to ensure that health information seekers have easy access to health ‘information systems (ISs) and services. The development of these factors can ensure the improvement of users’ satisfaction with health information.[ Alshammari, N., Md Nazirul, I. S., Kamruzzaman, M. M., Alruwaili, M., Saad, A. A., Raihan, M. L., & Salman, A. A. (2021)]

Tourism
The use of information technology in the tourism sector through online applications’ planning and use has attracted the researcher’s attention. It shows how online tourism applications’ implementation works efficiently and effectively during the COVID-19 pandemic and the researcher also uses the Information Technology Governance trust (ITGT) model for analyses the online tourism applications work.Tourism and technology have intensive.According to customer needs location-based services become essential information and communication. Google Maps API,Global Positioning Position (GPS),Location-Based Service (LBS) are mobile application devices which helps to experience better tourism.GPS uses a triangulation method to determine the location of the receiver.GPS uses a triangulation method to determine the location of the receiver.[ Setyadi, R. (2021)]
Conclusion
This study conducted a review of Information Technology, an approach to understand the influence of several factors in which IT performs the most important role. The use of media technology and interactive activities has a positive impact on promoting e-learning especially in COVID-19 pandemic crisis for distance learning and self regulated learning(SRL) and also in eHealth and Tourism.

References

1. Alshammari, N., Md Nazirul, I. S., Kamruzzaman, M. M., Alruwaili, M., Saad, A. A., Raihan, M. L., & Salman, A. A. (2021). Technology-driven 5G enabled e-healthcare system during COVID-19 pandemic. IET Communications, doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1049/cmu2.12240
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