Authors:

Raspreet Kaur Bindra (Roll No. 73),
Shalu Mittal (Roll No. 21),
Rishi Bherwani (Roll No. 10)

Batch:

EMBA – 15 (Kharghar)

Introduction on Child Labour-

Children are the greatest gift to humanity and Childhood is an important and impressionable stage of human development as it holds the potential to the future development of any society. Children who are brought up in an environment, which is conducive to their intellectual, physical and social health, grow up to be responsible and productive members of society. Under extreme economic distress, children are forced to forego educational opportunities and take up jobs which are mostly exploitative as they are usually underpaid and engaged in hazardous conditions. Parents decide to send their child for engaging in a job as a desperate measure due to poor economic conditions. It is therefore no wonder that the poor households predominantly send their children to work in early ages of their life. One of the disconcerting aspects of child labour is that children are sent to work at the expense of education.

India has all along followed a proactive policy in addressing the problem of child labour and has always stood for constitutional, statutory and developmental measures that are required to eliminate child labour. The Constitution of India has relevant provisions to secure compulsory universal primary education. Labour Commissions and Committees have gone into the problems of child labour and made extensive recommendations.

Objectives-
The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986 seeks to achieve this basic objective and can be controlled by making education affordable across all levels.

Research Methodology:
Surveys were conducted to analyse the experience of Child Labour .
For primary information, questionnaire was prepared and distributed to the sample population, and a survey was conducted from 100 respondents.

The questionnaire was surveyed on Likert Scale using the below questions:
Likert Scale:
• Strongly Agree : 2
• Agree : 1
• Neutral : 0
• Disagree : -1
• Strongly Disagree : -2

Questions:
1. Child Labour is very common in India
2. Child Labour violates human rights
3. Child Labour laws in India needs to be amended and strictly enforced
4. Child Labour impacts their mental and physical health as well
5. Child Labour can be controlled by making affordable across all levels

Data Analysis:
Mean 1.271028037 1.1214953 1 1.196261682 0.981308411
SD 0.652572463 0.736005 0.752354794 0.840476643 1.009215167
SE 0.065257246 0.0736005 0.075235479 0.084047664 0.100921517
Z 19.47719386 15.237604 13.29160136 14.23313416 9.723480616

Conclusions:
Worldwide, millions of children are forced into unpaid or paid work that deprives them of an education, a happy childhood and a prosperous future.
And as what we found from our survey, most of them agreed that child labour is very common in India and has a very bad impact on children our future generation.
Most of them also feel existing child labour laws are old and needs amendments and strict enforcements.
The main thrust should be on controlling the population of the country and free education of the children.