Action sports, adventure sports or extreme sports are activities perceived as involving a high degree of risk. These activities often involve speed, height, a high level of physical exertion and highly specialized gear.

A competitive (comparison or self-evaluative) activity within which the participant is subjected to natural or unusual physical and mental challenges such as speed, height, depth or natural forces and where fast and accurate cognitive perceptual processing may be required for a successful outcome. Adventure sports are also rarely sanctioned by schools for their physical education curriculum. Adventure sports tend to be more solitary than many of the popular traditional sports (rafting and paintballing are notable exceptions, as they are done in teams).

Activities categorized by media as adventure sports differ from traditional sports due to the higher number of inherently uncontrollable variables. These environmental variables are frequently weather and terrain related, including wind, snow, water and mountains. Because these natural phenomena cannot be controlled, they inevitably affect the outcome of the given activity or event.


I have chosen adventure activity to compare the four sports activity there are skydiving, scuba diving, bungee jumping and river rafting to calculate one way ANOVA
When Ho all item are equal
And H1 when all item are not equal

Data collected
Groups Count Sum Average Variance
Column 1 25 193 7.72 4.043333
Column 2 25 207 8.28 3.126667
Column 3 25 201 8.04 4.956667
Column 4 25 209 8.36 5.49

Source of Variation SS df MS F P-value F crit
Between Groups 6.2 3 2.066667 0.469253 0.704416 2.699393
Within Groups 422.8 96 4.404167

Total 429 99

Data analysis

f is 0.469253
And tabulated f is 2.699393


As f calculated is less than f critical and p value is greater than 0.05 accept Ho and Reject H1.