Reservation is a necessity or a burden for India

Survey conducted by –
Swaraj Bhattacharya
Sanket Nair
Menon Divya Gopakumar
ITM Executive MBA Batch 1 (2015-2017)

INTRODUCTION:

The caste based reservation in India is a never ending debate with no realistic outcomes till date. Objective of introducing the reservation system ages ago was to uplift the conditions of less privileged strata of the society and ensure that the minorities are not discriminated. There is little evidence if the reservation system has performed well and made a relevant difference or contribution towards the economic growth of India as a developing country.
Also there are cases where this system is being misused by those who don’t actually need or deserve it.

So, in present era does this decades-old reservation system should still prevail or instead be reviewed again for fair and equal opportunities to every citizen of India.

OBJECTIVE:

This survey was conducted to understand above stated issue and acquire the views and opinions of common people on whether access to education and job opportunities should be based on an individual’s caste or just his/her merit and performance.

VIEWS AND REVIEWS:

We are Indians, firstly and lastly. – Dr. B R Ambedkar

Some philosophers believe that India has lost its pace for the development due to the reservation in India, because more capable persons were not offered the places which they deserved. Thus also one of the major reasons behind the “Brain Drain” from India.

Below is an excerpt of article sourced from The Indian Express:
The Supreme Court on Tuesday 27th Oct 2015 called for the end of the reservation system in all institutions of higher education, regretting that ‘some privilege remains unchanged’ 68 years after Independence. It urged the Modi government to take steps to remove reservations in ‘national interest’.

According to Indian Express, a bench of Justices Dipak Misra and PC Pant noted that despite several reminders to the central and state governments to make merit the primary criteria for admissions into super-specialty courses, the reality is that reservation is given preference over merit.

The Supreme Court also said that it was ‘inclined’ to convey the same message it did 27 years ago, according to Indian Express. “Therefore, we echo the same feeling and reiterate the aspirations of others so that authorities can objectively assess and approach the situation so that the national interest can become paramount,” the court said.

DATA COLLECTION:

With reference to the mentioned topic, we had surveyed 100 persons within our vicinity. Below are the 6 Statements we had asked for the survey:

STATEMENT 1: Current reservation system helps to boost Economic growth of the country

STATEMENT 2: Across the whole Nation or State, respective governments must assign a fixed percentage of reservation for Open/General category as well in our educational system

STATEMENT 3: Indian education system should solely rely on merit to determine admissions

STATEMENT 4: Where interview is a part of the recruitment process, SC/ST/OBC/NT candidates should be interviewed separately in any Public/Private organization

STATEMENT 5: Caste-based reservations result in further promoting Casteism within the society

STATEMENT 6: Private organizations should have reservation under caste system

Calculation was done by using the following formulae:
MEAN = (ΣX)/N
STANDARD DEVIATION (σ) = √((Σ((X-¯X)^2 ) )/(N))
STANDARD ERROR = σ/√N
Z = (X-0)/(σ/√N)
If z > 1.96, Accepted the statement
If 1.96 < z < -1.96, the statement is neutral
If z < -1.96, Rejected the statement

DATA ANALYSIS:
Statement 1   Statement 2   Statement 3   Statement 4   Statement 5    Statement 6
Mean                               -0.870              -0.290               1.260              -0.990             1.350                -1.520
Standard Deviation     1.19472747    1.38749829   1.08822903     1.32188265    0.93608901    0.758520623
Standard Error             0.11947275   0.13874983    0.1088229       0.13218826     0.0936089    0.075852062
Z Calculated                  -7.2819954     -2.0900927     11.578445      -7.4893184     14.4217055     -20.0390069
Survey Outcome               Reject              Reject              Accept             Reject            Accept                Reject

Statement 5 is found to be most strongly accepted whereas Statement 6 is strongly rejected by the respondents of this survey.

CONCLUSION:

From the Survey analysis we can conclude the following:-

Current reservation systems across India are hindering the country’s economic growth and development.
The idea of giving fixed reservation percentage for Open/General category students in our educational system is unacceptable.

Indian education system should adapt and implement admission policies solely based on merit and performance of a student.

Hypothetically, given the opportunity of conducting interviews for SC/ST/OBC/NT candidates separately in any Public/Private organization is not at all welcomed.
Also, the thought of introducing caste based reservations within the total workforce strength of any Private organizations is strongly rejected.

To uproot Casteism from the Indian society, it’s vital that the caste-based reservation must be discarded which would further promote and justify the Unity in diversity among the citizens of Secular India.